Bananas are a staple crop in Uganda. When staple crops are threatened by disease the consequences for farmers can be devastating. Farmers in Uganda are struggling to combat Bacterial Wilt, a disease that causes utter destruction to Banana (Matoke) plantations. Bacterial Wilt causes the bananas to rot on the tree, and when the infected tree is inevitably cut down, the freshly cut stocks begin to ooze a thick viscous yellow pus. Dr. Jerome Kubiriba helps us understand why it’s impossible to breed a resistant banana variety using traditional breeding methods, and why the most direct solution to the problem (Genetic Engineering), is also the least popular solution.